Articulating the country’s position at G20 ministerial meet on environment and climate change at Naples in Italy, India’s environment minister Bhupender Yadav in his virtual address also underscored the need for a “collective global action to tide over the ongoing Covid-19 crisis”, saying the developing countries need “every possible support more than ever before”.
“India is committed to work with the G20 countries for a better world leaving no one behind, and stands together in solidarity with the global community in mounting a strong and effective response that secures the health of the planet and its people,” said Yadav while making his intervention on the inaugural day of the two-day meet.
In my address to G20 Environment Ministers today, I restated India’s position long underlined by PM Shri… https://t.co/H61OaSyfTj
— Bhupender Yadav (@byadavbjp) 1626966174000
On future course of action for sustainable development, he said that the contexts and perspectives should be guided by the “stage of economic development, national circumstances and priorities, and must not come at the cost of developing countries’ competitiveness, equity and development”.
The minister’s comments assume significance at a time when stakeholders are exploring various options to reach the Paris Agreement goal of keeping the global average temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century and make efforts to keep it at around 1.5 degree Celsius over the pre-industrial level (1850-1900).
The proposed carbon border tax is being pitched by the EU nations as one of such options to force the big manufacturing countries to adopt cleaner production methods. Developing countries, including India, however, consider such instruments a trade barrier and against the principles of the Paris Agreement.
The EU’s proposal is based on the premise of protecting European industries from outside competitors who can manufacture products at lower cost as they are not charged for their carbon emission during the manufacturing processes.
Yadav in his remarks, however, clearly stated how ensuring “sustainable consumption and production patterns through sustainable natural resource management, waste reduction and promoting resource efficiency” has been the country’s priority and is reflected in its domestic policies. He also specified India’s efforts towards eliminating single-use plastic and reaching its land neutrality goal by 2030.
The G20 meet is being held at a time when there has been a clamor for ‘net-zero’ emission target (reducing emission of carbon or all greenhouse gases to zero by a given date) by raising mitigation goals of high polluting countries. India had, however, made it clear on several occasions that its 2030 target was ambitious enough, keeping in view its developmental needs, and any new target would not come before the global stocktake in 2023.